The traits of extraversion (or extroversion) and introversion are a central dimension in some human personality theories. The concept of extroversion isn’t new, under one heading or another, theories of extroversion/introversion have been apparent in psychological literature for over 100 years. We have to give the great Carl Jung for that.
The early 1900s was a period in which the field of psychology was developing as an independent discipline. During this time, Carl Jung proposed core ideas in his exploration of personality, including the constructs of introversion and extroversion.
Extroversion and introversion live on two opposite ends of a spectrum. The way you get and put out energy helps determine where you fall on this spectrum. But you can fall anywhere on this spectrum, not necessarily at one end or the other. And the mid point is ambivert.
HOW EXTROVERT SEE THE WORLD?
People who tend to fall near the extrovert end of things draw their energy from the outside world.
They enjoy group culture
Extroverted people tend to feel most comfortable when working with other people, whether the task is a work project, party planning with friends, or a school assignment. They feel energized to do work when it involves active collaboration with other people.
They are always ready to try new things
They are not afraid of taking a chance on something you’ve never done before, even if it’s a little risky? Extroverts tend to take action rather than ponder. Once they decide to do something, they usually just go for it. They are impulsive.
They find it easy to express
Extroverted people usually have little to no trouble expressing thoughts, feelings, and opinions. These can range from minor preferences, such as the foods you dislike, to deeper emotions, including romantic feelings
They are optimistic
Extroverts are optimistic. They see positive in everything. They take decision accordingly. Sometimes it can backfire.
They are mixing and friendly people
They are very friendly people. They have a large circle of friends. They enjoy meeting new people and find it easy to have heart to heart conversations with strangers or people you don’t know very well.
HOW INTROVERTS SEE THE WORLD
They are shy people. They don’t trust others so easily.
They consider things carefully
When faced with a new opportunity, or any big decision, they spend a good amount of time thinking it over before proceed.
They are good at visualizing and creating
People on the more introverted end of the spectrum often spend a lot of time in their heads. Your friends and loved ones might say you’re always off in your own world, or something along those lines. They might think through challenges or use your imagination to brainstorm new ideas.
They need plenty of time for yourself
They share your available social energy with a handful of close friends. They don’t make friends easily. They keep themselves close to small group. Sometimes they enjoy own company.
They are natural listener
In a group talk they listen more. Don’t speak much. They do introspect. They don’t react easily. After asking long they can answer.
Some people have mixed features of both. They are called ambivert. But one trait is more dominant.
Studies suggest that, while extroversion is significantly correlated with increased blood flow in the emotion and behavior regulation area but introversion is associated with increased blood flow in the initiation, impulse control, and social behavior area of brain.
Which trait you belong?
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Johnson, Wiebe, Gold, Andreasen, Hichwa, Watkins, & Boles-Ponto, 1999