Many times we have experienced intense fear to something. That something may be anything. It might be crowd, it might be height, it might be spiders etc. We become so much afraid that we suffer from intense sweating and dryness of mouth. Some people avoid the specific thing at any cost.
WHAT IS A PHOBIA
A phobia is a persistent, excessive, unrealistic fear of an object, person, animal, activity or situation. It is a type of anxiety disorder. A person with a phobia either tries to avoid the thing that triggers the fear, or endures it with great anxiety and distress. Far from being a silly fear, a genuine phobia can actually have a pretty big impact on someone’s life.
FEAR VS PHOBIA
It’s different from fear. You may fear a big spider when you see it. But the next moment you think that, it’s a spider, no harm to you. It never triggers panick attack. But in phobia, vision of a spider triggers panic attack. Patient feels impending doom as he sees it. It’s one form of severe anxiety.
THERE ARE MORE THAN 400 TYPES OF PHOBIAS
Phobias are very common. Fear of closed space ( claustrophobia) and fear of arachnids ( arachnidophobia) are very common. You can have a phobia of pretty much anything, but there are over 400 recognised phobias out there! Some phobias are too much weird like the fear of beautiful women (caligynephobia), fear of cheese (turophobia), and fear of developing a phobia (phobophobia).
In recent times we all are suffering from nomophobia. We can’t remain aloof from our phone. we feel very uncomfortable when our phone is away from us. Some people are very much afraid of escalators (escalophobia). Many weird phobias are there.Hippopotomonstrosesquipedaliophobia is a phobia of long words.
SYMPTOMS OF PHOBIAS
Phobia comes with symptoms of intense anxiety. On seeing the object we feel increase in heart rate, sweating, increase in respiratory rate, head reeling. Sometimes we experience fainting attack.
HOW TO GET RID OF PHOBIA
There are many ways to get rid of phobia. Cognitive behavioral therapy is one of them. Along with it other therapies like exposure therapy can be tried. Medical treatment might be necessary sometimes.
What specific phobia you have?? Please comment in the comment section.
Liebowitz MR, Gorman JM, Fyer AJ, Klein DF. Social phobia: Review of a neglected anxiety disorder. Archives of general psychiatry. 1985 Jul 1;42(7):729-36.